Types of Wood used for Furniture Production

Wood has been a widely used material for furniture, among other uses, since the ancient days of human civilisation. The reason for this is the versatility of wood, and the unique properties of each species of wood that allows them to be used for a wide variety of applications. The most common use of wood is the production of furniture but depending on the type of wood, it can be used to make anything from buildings to paper. The qualities of the wood depend on the tree from which it is harvested, and some trees are more desirable than others due to the quality of their wood. Hardwood and softwood are a common categorisation of trees used for furniture production based on the physical structure of the wood. Hardwood, as the name suggests, is hard and durable but more difficult to work with. They are also generally heavier and are used for larger structures. Furniture made with hardwood is generally more expensive. In contrast, softwood is more workable and lighter but may be less durable. This article describes several types of wood that are commonly used for the manufacture of furniture.


Mahogany is one of the most expensive and popular wood types for furniture production. It is a hardwood and is characterised by its beauty, durability, and colour. Mahogany furniture is stocked by almost any furniture store such as furniture shops Sunshine Coast. It is used to make panelling, furniture, boats, and musical instruments. The colour of the wood varies from a pale pink to a red brown and has an attractive grain. The appearance is largely dependant on the finish, however, which for mahogany furniture is richly done.


Oak is used for general purpose furniture production and is also a hardwood. The wood has a high strength and hardness and is also resistant to insect and fungal attack due to the physical properties of the wood, making it a popular choice for building elements and outdoor furniture. They are also used in the manufacture of barrels and timber framed structures and are usually finished in a lighter colour to achieve a bright and shiny look.


Bamboo is a unique type of wood and is considered an eco-friendly alternative to traditional wood types. It is used in the production of certain types of furniture, floors, walls, ceilings, and even utensils. The bamboo plant grows extremely fast and can be harvested repeatedly without replanting, making it ideal for mass production. The colour of bamboo is closer to yellow and is marked by its characteristic strength and flexibility.


Almost exclusively used as a type of lumber, pine is a type of softwood and are fast growing in temperate and tropical regions, making it one of the most commercially important tree species in the world. Pine wood is used in furniture, window and door frames, panelling, floors, roofing etc. Pine itself has no natural defence against insects or decay and must be treated prior to fabrication. The colour of finished pine products ranges from white to light brown or yellow and is characterised by knots in the wood, which can form unique patterns in the grain.

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